Frequency of Modifiable Risk Factors in Ischemic Stroke Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lahore Pakistan
Keywords:Ischemic stroke, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, smoking, obesity
Objective: The objective was to find out the frequency of modifiable risk factors among patients of ischemic stroke at a tertiary care hospital in Lahore Pakistan.
Study type, settings & duration: This observational cross-sectional study was conducted at Medical Department Services Hospital, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore Pakistan from January 2019 to January 2020.
Methodology: Aged 18-65 years and of both sex, 105 patients with ischemic stroke were included in this study after taking informed consent. Patients with trauma, tumor, arteriovenous malformations, unstable cardiopulmonary condition, psychiatric disease and hemorrhagic stroke were excluded. Demographic information and detailed history with physical examination was noted. Blood pressure and sugar levels were measured for all patients. All bloods test including fasting lipid profile were determined. SPSS version 17.0 was used for data analysis.
Results: A total of 105 patients of ischemic stroke were enrolled in the present study. Mean age of the patients was 51.2±8.4 years and 73 (69.5%) were male. Mean BMI was 29.3±2.9 kg/m2. Hyperlipidemia was the most frequent risk factor seen in 53 (50.5%) patients with ischemic stroke followed by obesity in 48 (45.8%) patients, smoking in 43 (40.9%), hypertension in 41 (39.1%) and diabetes mellitus in 41 (39.1%) patients.
Conclusion: Hyperlipidemia was the leading risk factor in ischemic stroke patients in the present study followed by obesity, smoking, diabetes mellitus and hypertension respectively.